The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency is the government's national environmental authority. Climate change is an area of high priority.
Major tasks are to follow-up and evaluate the climate objectives and targets, propose additional policies and instruments to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions and develop and implement the emissions trading scheme. We are also commissioned to report regularly on greenhouse gas emissions inventories to the government, the EU and the UN and assist the government in international negotiations with our expertise. The Swedish carbon footprint on global greenhouse gas emissions from our consumption is of increasing concern.
The Agency coordinates the collection of data for the annual National Inventory Report and National Communications under UNFCCC.
The emission statistics are published a number of times each year. An early estimate is published on April 15, for the previous year. These calculations are based on a simplified method. In December the statistics, produced in accordance with the IPCC guidelines for reporting to the EU and the UN Climate Convention (UNFCCC), are published on our web site. The final quality checks are finalized in March and the emission inventory are reported to the UNFCCC on April 15. Various evaluations and assessments based on the data are performed by the Agency.
The current national climate target is to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), not included in the emissions trading scheme (ETS), with 40 percent to 2020 compared with 1990. In the European 2020 energy and climate package emissions in Sweden outside the EU ETS shall be reduced with 17 per cent from 2005 to 2020 according to the European Effort Sharing Decision.
The Agency performs periodic progress assessments of the 2020 national target and the Swedish EU commitment, often in cooperation with other authorities such as the Swedish Energy Agency.
In 2009 the government presented a vision for Sweden as a GHG emissions neutral country by 2050. The Agency has, commissioned by the government, performed scenario analyses of pathways to a 2050 society with a sustainable energy system and neutral emissions of greenhouse gases.
The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (Swedish EPA) is the governmental authority on allocation of emission allowances, supervising the compliance and responsible for publishing statistics on the companies' annual reporting of greenhouse gas emissions.
Greenhouse gas emissions in Sweden have markedly been reduced since 1990. But seen from a consumption perspective, calculating the global emissions that occur as a result of goods consumed in Sweden, studies indicate that these emissions have increased since 1990. Simply because we are consuming more goods produced in other countries. The areas of private consumption that contributes most to emissions are from living, travel and food.