Environmental monitoring, research and early warning signals Environmental research and monitoring need to cooperate to identify new problems and develop better measuring systems. svenska Share Contact Listen A function that allows for "early warning" is complex and financially costly. Early warning systems have two main characteristics: To warm when known environmental threats arise in new geographical locations or in new contexts, To discover new, previously unknown, environmental threats. Environmental monitoring mostly follows known environmental problems with established methods and indicators. The monitoring is, to a large extent, dependent on research to identify new environmental problems and to develop better measurement techniques, analysis methods and models. New theories are tested in research projects, and the results can in some cases lead to suggestions for monitoring activities. The environmental monitoring has studies called screening-programs that aim to discover if some chemical substances cause health and environmental problems. Aside from these programs the environmental monitoring's ability to discover new environmental threats is limited. Therefore, the link to environmental research is important. Environmental monitoring and research cooperate Through careful measurements of multiple variables at research stations, or through controlled experiments, researchers can register a possible disruption in the environment. Complementary studies can give further insight into the spread of the problem on a national level. By developing mathematical models, even more refined information can be gathered. A close collaboration between monitoring and research is of mutual interest. The collaboration means for example sharing research and monitoring stations, and exchanging data. The monitoring and research share several tasks, but they have different purposes and areas of priority. The environmental monitoring is more long-term than the shorter research efforts. Furthermore, the monitoring requires a regular and efficient reporting of data, which sometimes conflicts with researchers' interests. The governmental agencies responsible for environmental monitoring want to make the data and related analysis openly accessible as soon as possible, without the requirement that it is first described in a scientific publication.