World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO / EURO) initiated in 1989 the European Environment and Health Process (EHP). The process is managed by WHO / EURO and the UN Economic Commission for Europe’s (UNECE) Environment Committee.
The overall aim of the process is to highlight the importance of environmental issues to health in the work the WHO conducts and health issues to environment in the work of the UNECE. How health is affected by environmental factors is thus the core issue.
So far the health and environment ministers have gathered in five ministerial conferences, beginning in 1989. At the latest such ministerial conference, held in Parma, Italy, in 2010, ministers and stakeholders committed themselves to pursuing a set of goals and targets on: air quality; water and sanitation; children’s daily environments; chemical safety and asbestos related disease, climate change and more. The next ministerial conference planned initially to 2016 has been postponed until June 2017.
European Environment and Health Ministerial Board (EHMB) are to contribute to a political dimension and impetus to the implementation of the EHP. EHMB consists of four health ministers, four environmental ministers and representatives of international organizations. Sweden is not represented in EHMB.
European Environmental and Health Task Force (EHTF) are to contribute to the implementation and monitoring of the EHP. EHTF consists of two focal points of each Member State, from the health and environment sectors, as well as representatives from international organizations. Sweden is represented in EHTF by the Public Health Agency of Sweden and the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.
Ad-Hoc Working Group of the EHTF (AWG) has been established to, along with EHMB and EHP Secretariat, prepare the ministerial conference in 2017. The intention is that this should be done eg by supporting the negotiation process for producing documents for adoption at the Conference. All EHTF representatives have the opportunity to participate in the AWG meetings.
The Ministerial Conference in Budapest in 2004 resulted, inter alia, in the adoption of the "Children's Environment and Health Action Plan for Europe" (CEHAPE) and that Member States undertook to implement actions aimed at children. The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare was mandated to produce a report in the area.
The Ministerial Conference in Parma in 2010 resulted in the so-called Parma Declaration . According to the declaration the work 2010-2016 focus both on the implementation of the Plan for Children's Environment and Health agreed in 2004, and on the following key challenges:
In 2015, at the so-called Mid-Term Review, Member States met to assess progress in implementing the Parma Agenda and to discuss future directions.  See also the report "Improving Environment and Health in Europe: How far have we gotten?" .
WHO / EURO has as a starting point for the work before the Ministerial Conference in 2017 developed a draft roadmap for the preparatory process and identified eight thematic areas: (1) air pollution, (2) water and sanitation, (3) food, (4) energy, (5) waste, (6) Urban Planning and mobility (7), chemicals (8) disasters, security and climate change.